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 Luftwaffe (Air Force) Insignia 

 

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Luftwaffe Cap Insignia
 


      ING_0128.jpg       
Luftwaffe Collar Insignia
 
 
     Luftwaffe_Officer_should_boards.jpg    
Luftwaffe Shoulder Boards

 
         
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Luftwaffe Breast Eagles
 


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Luftwaffe Sleeve Insignia



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Luftwaffe Cuff Titles

 
Luftwaffe Officer Rank Structure 

 

   Rank Of Commanding Officer   

        Formation         

 

Reichsmarschall

Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe (Supreme Commander)

 

General der flieger (Air general)
  Generaloberst (Colonel-General)

Chef der Generalstabes der Luftwaffe (Chief of air staff)

 

General der flieger (Air general)
Generalfeldmarschall (Field Marshal)

Luftflotte 1 (First Air Force)

 

Generalmajor (Major-General)
Generalleutnant (Lieutenant-General)
General der Flieger (Air General)

I Fliegerkorps (I  Air corps)

 

Major/Oberstleutnant (Major/Lieutenant-Colonel)

Oberst/General Major (Colonel/Major-General)

Geschwader (Group, 100 -120 aircraft)

 

Major (Major)
Hauptmann (Captain)
Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant-Colonel

Gruppe (Wing, 30-36 aircraft)

 

Oberleutnant (First-Lieutenant)
Hauptmann (Captain)

Staffel (Squadron, 9-12 aircraft)

 

Unteroffizier (Corporal)
Leutnant (Lieutenant)
Oberleutnant (First-Lieutenant)

Schwarm (fighters only) or Kette (sections of 3 or 4 aircraft)

 
 
 
 
     Understanding Luftwaffe Rank
 
Here is a comparative list of Luftwaffe, USAAF and RAF ranks.
Note however that some Luftwaffe ranks had no equivalent in Allied air forces. These have been given their approximate meaning in brackets, although such ranks didn't exist in Allied air forces.  While ranks are equivalent, in reality Luftwaffe ranks carried a far greater range of responsibility. Also, while officers of the RAF were given `acting` higher ranks when given commands of larger units, German pilots retained their previous rank, regardless of how large a unit they commanded.
 

              Luftwaffe          

                  USAF                 

                 RAF                  

Flieger

Airman

Aircraftsman

Gefreiter

Lance-Corporal

Leading Aircraftsman

Obergefreiter
(Senior Lance-Corporal)

n/a

n/a

Unteroffizier

Corporal

Corporal

Feldwebel

Sergeant

Sergeant

Oberfeldwebel

Technical Sergeant

Flight Sergeant

Stabsfeldwebel

Staff Sargeant

Warrant Officer

Fahnenjunker Feldwebel
(Colour Sergeant)

n/a

n/a

Fahnrich
(Officer Cadet)

n/a

n/a

Oberfahnrich
(Senior Officer Cadet)

n/a

n/a

Leutnant

2nd Lieutenant

Pilot Officer

Oberleutnant

1st Lieutenant

Flying Officer

Hauptmann

Captain

Flight Lieutenant

Major

Major

Squadron Leader

Oberstleutnant

Lieutenant Colonel

Wing Commander

Oberst

Colonel

Group Captain